Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Human Resource Development in Pakistan - 6755 Words

THE CHALLENGES OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN PAKISTAN Dr. Nasim Ashraf Abstract This paper explores the challenges posed in the area of human development in Pakistan. Pakistan has made little progress in key indicators of human development - education and health - due to years of neglect in policy making and implementation issues. Based on available data, it is highlighted that despite achieving a respectable growth rate, Pakistan has not been able to reduce poverty as other nations have (with similar or even lower levels of GDP per capita). Poor human development has also hampered economic growth. The paper brings out the principal challenges of human resource development in Pakistan, which are mainly the untrained,†¦show more content†¦Pakistan HDI ranking is very low - 142 out of 175 countries according to Human Development Report 2004 - depicting the poor level of human development in the country (see Figure 1 below). Figure 1: HDI Comparison Source: Human Development Report 2004 – UNDP A high GDP does not necessarily mean a high degree of human development which is indicated below by a comparison of selected countries showing their standing on HDI, including Pakistan (Figure 2). Figure: No.2: HDI vs. GDP per capita Vietnam has been able to decrease poverty by one half between 1990-2000 because of its relatively higher investments in female literacy and basic health care (see Figure 3 below). Figure 3: Comparison of Human Development Indicators: Vietnam vs. Pakistan [pic] In the context of South Asia, Pakistan has the lowest net enrollment rates in the region according to the UNDP Human Development Report (see below). Figure 4: Net Primary Enrollment Rate (%) Regional Comparison Source: Human Development Report 2004 - UNDP Pakistan has the highest rate of infant and under-5 child mortality in the region, according to Human Development Report (see below). Figure 5: Infant Mortality Rate (Deaths per 1,000 Live Births) Comparison Source: Human Development Report 2004 - UNDP This persistent under-achievement in access to health and education is in part attributable to the exclusion of significant segments of society from access to development benefits.Show MoreRelatedLeadership Effectiveness and Business Management792 Words   |  3 Pagesthat coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing and controlling an organization or initiative to accomplish a goal. Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources, financial resources, technological resources, and natural resources. 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